Worm Farming 101: How to Start a Worm Farm

What is a Worm Farm

If you’re already familiar with composting, you’re on the right track. But have you ever heard of worm farming?

It’s a powerful way to take your composting game to the next level and make a positive impact on the environment.

In simple terms, a worm farm is a controlled space where live worms feast on your kitchen scraps, transforming them into nutrient-rich fertilizer. This process, known as vermicomposting, offers a unique and eco-friendly solution to waste reduction.

Worm Castings vs. Worm Composting

When it comes to worm farming, you’ll frequently encounter two terms: worm castings and worm composting.

Worm castings are the rich, dark waste product that worms produce after digesting your kitchen scraps.

This castings, often referred to as “black gold,” is a potent organic fertilizer that’s prized for its ability to enrich soil and nourish plants.

Worm composting, on the other hand, is the entire process of using worms to break down organic matter. The end result is those valuable worm castings that can revolutionize your gardening endeavors.

How to Start a Small Worm Farm: Worm Farming for Beginners

Whether you plan to get your worm farm set up for home or starting a worm farm for profit, you might be wondering, “How do I even start a worm farm at home?” 

It’s actually not as difficult raising worms as it may seem.

For the purposes of our expertise in red worms, we’re going to focus on how to raise red worms, rather than how to start an earthworm farm. However, the process is fairly similar. 

Let’s dive in

How to Start a Red Worm Farm.

Choosing the Right Worms For Your Worm Farm

The foundation of a successful worm farm lies in your choice of worms. Red wigglers, or redworms, are the superheroes of vermiculture.

These little creatures are voracious eaters, consuming up to half their weight in a single day. They thrive in confined spaces and can easily turn your kitchen scraps into valuable castings.

Creating a Worm Farm Bin

Your worm bin is the heart of your farm. You can purchase a ready-made worm bin, but crafting your own is an eco-friendly and cost-effective option. Here’s how:

  • Choose Your Containers: You’ll need two bins—a taller one with a lid and a shorter one without. Drill holes in the bottom of the taller bin for ventilation. Plastic bins are typically a strong container to contain your worms.
  • Prepare the Screen: Cover the holes with a screen to prevent worms from escaping. Secure the screens with waterproof glue. This will also prevent unwanted pests, such as fruit flies, from getting in.
  • Create Bedding: Use moistened, shredded, non-coated paper to create a cozy bedding environment for your worms.
  • Layer Up: Place the taller bin inside the shorter one, leaving some space between them. Add the paper bedding into the taller bin.

We can dig more into the process with this step-by-step guide on how to build a worm bin for your home!

Creating a Feeding Schedule

Worms need a balanced diet. While you can add kitchen scraps directly to the bin, it’s best to establish a feeding routine. Here’s how:

  • Add Bedding: Before feeding, throw in a handful of shredded paper bedding.
  • Introduce Scraps: Place your food scraps on top of the paper bedding. Avoid citrus, onions, meat, and dairy.
  • Cover and Layer: Cover the scraps with more moist paper and a bit of soil. This prevents odor and keeps pests away.

What Worms Eat

DIY worm bin

There isn’t necessarily a specific type of worm food.

Your worms will happily devour a variety of organic materials and food waste. Non-citrus fruits, vegetables, egg shells, coffee grounds, tea bags,  and even vacuum cleaner dust are on the menu. The amount of food they eat is rather staggering too.

On the flip side, steer clear of citrus fruits, onions, garlic, meat, and processed foods.

Truthfully, they can eat just about anything – and you can feed them almost completely free.

It does take time to introduce new foods to your worms, however, so be careful about that.

If you aren’t sure what to feed them, I recommend you read this guide on what worms eat.

Buy Red Wiggler Worms

Ready to kickstart your worm farming adventure? Acquiring red wiggler worms is the final step. We can help with that – and you can buy red wiggler worms from us.

We offer ¼ to up to 5 pounds of worms, but we’re happy to supply more if needed.

They’re the workforce that will turn your kitchen scraps into nutrient-rich castings, enriching your garden and making a positive impact on the planet.

By understanding the basics, choosing the right worms, creating a proper bin, and maintaining a feeding schedule, you’ll be well on your way to a thriving worm farm that benefits both you and your community.

Happy worm farming!

LIVE Red Wiggler Worms


These are hand counted live red worms. Also known by their scientific name as Eisenia fetida, red wigglers, tiger worms, or manure worms. These worms are shipped straight to your door. If you’re a fisherman, don’t support the big bait guys. Buy local from an honest, hard-working family farm. If you’re a gardener, make your…


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